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Volcano by the Sea

photograph from Nature story

(before 2003)

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There is a volcano on a Hawaiian island. It pushes lava into the ocean and causes a lot of steam. But it is not the biggest volcano there. On the ocean floor, a new volcano is erupting nearby.

Scientists are watching it underwater from a submarine. It has caused a lot of earthquakes. The scientists found a part of the new volcano is missing. An earthquake made the volcano top collapse. They can tell that it will be an island some day.

The Hawaiian islands continue to grow. The lava from the middle of the earth continues to push upward. Hot water can be seen pouring out of the cracks of the new volcano. The scientists can not get too close or they might get hurt from the new land breaking up.

Scientists will watch the eruptions and earthquakes as the new volcano grows. It will be the newest island in the Hawaiian chain. There will be plenty of time to watch it grow. The new volcano will not reach the surface of the ocean for about 50,000 years.

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